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Impressionen von Köln

Professional Guided City Tours in Cologne for travel groups.

» Homepage » Sightseeing in Cologne » Monuments and Architecture

Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom)

Cologne’s Dom (cathedral), or also “High Cathedral of St. Peter and Maria,” is the landmark of Cologne and Germany’s tallest cathedral. In 1248 Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden laid the ground work on the spot where that, in 870, a complete Carolinian cathedral stood. The reason for the new construction was that, in 1164, under Arch-

Westside with main portal of the Cathedral. Photo: Wagner.

bishop Rainald von Dassel from Milan the mortal remains of the three Wisemen were carried to Cologne to rest in peace. At first the construction went quickly; it was, how- ever, due to a alack of funds discontinued. Not until 1842 (!) and under the auspices for the Prussian King did consturtion resu- me. In 1880 Kaiser Wilhelm I dedicated the building. It was, at that time, the largest

building in the world with 8,000 m² of floor space and 157 m tall.  Since 1996, the Dom has belonged to UNESCO’s World Cultural Heri- tage listing.  The Dom accommodates treasures of art, which anyone must absolutely see, for instance, the Gold Shrine with the remains of the Three Wisemen (c. 1200) and the Gero Cross (c. 970), a monu- mental cross and the oldest German-Renaissance work in the west.  There is also the colourful stained-glass, the beautiful choir chairs, the Milan Madonna or the Dom painting from Stefan Lochner (The Alter of the City Patrons from 1450) can not  be passed up.  We re- commend viewing the treasure vault and climbing the 95m tall tower, where one can relish a magnificent view of Cologne.


The Dom is open daily from 6 am to 7.30 pm and can be visited during this period except on devine services. More info at the "Domforum" opposite the main portal.

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Roman traces in Cologne

View into the praetorium.

PRAETORIUM. In 1953, the remains of a palace were discovered which turned out to be a headquarters from which the Romans ruled Cologne and its suburbs. The stone remains now lies under the city hall and can be viewed (please ask for the visiting hours at tourist office). The viewing belongs among the must-sees for every visitor to Cologne. LOCATION: Kleine Budengasse.

The north gate of Cologne's roman city wall. Photo: Wagner

ROMAN NORTH TOWER. The owl cave belongs to the Roman North Tower and was the passway through the right side. It can be found directly at the tourism office. The large middle entrance with Cologne’s intials as the Roman colony (CCAA) is exhibited at the Roman-German Museum at the south side of Cologne Cathedral. LOCATON: Between "Tourism Office" and the Dom (cathedral).

A piece of the roman aqueduct. Photo: Wagner

ROMAN AQUEDUCTS. The Romans built a canal out of stone and Roman concrete in the 2nd century to channel the spring water from the Eifel over 90km away. 200 liters of water came through the water canal within one hour. A short piece of the aqueduct can be visited beside the museum of applied arts. LOCATION: Drususgasse at the corner to the street "An der Rechtschule".

View on the roman north tower. Photo: Wagner

ROMAN TOWER. After Cologne’s reclassification to a province in 50 ACE following a victory of the Ubier, the first city was built. It was 4km long and had 19 smaller towers. Still standing is the "Römerturm" (roman tower), that once was part of the old roman wall around Cologne. The tower still is ornamented with coloured stones. LOCATION: Zeughausstrasse/corner of St. Apern-Strasse.

The Lysolph tower. Photo: Wagner

LYSOLPH TOWER. The tower’s construction dates back to the time of the Romans and was, at that time, Cologne’s first city wall. Its name goes back to the middle ages when a family named "Lysolph" owned and lived in that tower. It was exposed and in 1964 when Cologne's subway system was built. LOCATION: Komödienstrasse at the corner of Nord-Süd-Fahrt.

THE MONUMENT OF THE UBIER. Near the bank of river rhine and to right of hotel maritim the monument of the ubier can be visited as a stone made witness of the fact that once southern access to Cologne's roman harbour was at this place. The tower was built in the 4th century ACE and it's the oldest of its kind northerly to the alpes. LOCATION: An der Malzmühle 1.

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Hotel rooms in Cologne 

HOTELS IN COLOGNE I. Using  internet booking machines it's very easy searching for a hotel room in Cologne. One of these special search engines is HRS - Hotel Reservation Service with its many offers. Click the logo for starting.


HOTELS IN COLOGNE II: Looking for a hotel room in Germany there are some other good booking machines on the net such as HOTEL.de. They also often have some cheap offers given by good hotels in Cologne. Using the service is free, too.

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Historical squares of Cologne's old town

Heumarkt & Altermarkt. Heumarkt (photo) and Altermarkt are the lar- gest squares in the Altstadt and have a long history. Heumarkt was, during the Mieddle-Ages, a large trade market. Worth seeing, among others, is the “Zum St. Peters” house (1568 built in the style of the

View on the Heumarkt square. Photo: Wagner later renaissance). At the center of the Alt- stadt is the Altermarkt (old market).  The duplex “Zum Bretzel and Zum Dorn,“ built in 1580 in a renaissance style, with its tradi- tional gables and its artisitically decorated windows is a particularly worthwhile site. A fountain from 1884 stands in the center of 

the square containing the statue of Calvary General Jan von Werth. The "Kallendresser", a small bronze figure from Ewald Mataré under- neath the roof of the house 24 Alter Markt, offers the viewer a look at the its backside and shows what's sometimes on its mind about the local politics working in the city hall across the street. Looking up the tower of the city hall the face of the "Platzjabbeck", a wood carved bust, appears and sticks its tongue out at onlookers. Both figures show the coarse cynicism that is held for those in office and of rank.


Next subway stops: Dom/Hbf or Heumarkt. Information about guides through the Altstadt at Cologne’s tourism office (KölnTourismus) at phone 221.2332.

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The holy Cologne and her churches

ST. GEREON. The church was dedicated in the 4th century to the marriage of the holy Gereon, a Christian martyr. In 1227 began the construction of the contemporary structure. The decagon is particularly artistic. Buried in the tombs are kings, such as Hildebold, Cologne’s first Archbishop. WHERE? Gereonstrasse.

ST.  APOSTELN. The basilica dates back to the 11th century.  Typical is the three major summits; on the other wside, two thin towers spring upward; in the middle section, an octagonal tower; and a 67m tall “Apostelklotz”. After World War II the old structures were renovated and new parts added; modern elements and old fused with one another WHERE? Apostelnkloster 10.

Fenster des Kölner Doms mit Bildnis der Hl. Ursula. Foto: Wagner.

ST. URSULA. The church was dedicated in honor of the marriage of the Holy Ursula in 1135. The king's daughter and her eleven attendants (maids) were murdered during the marriage ceremony by invading hordes of Huns. Inside of the church 19 paintings from Stefan Lochner depicting the Ursula legend are exposed to the public. WHERE? Ursulaplatz 30.

GROSS ST. MARTIN. An age old basilica in the middle of the Altstadt (old towne) and, next to the Dom (cathedral), one of the most striking points in the Rhine’s panorama in Cologne. The church dates back to the 11th century. In the interior one can trace the forms of the centuries. WHERE? "An Gross St. Martin" near the Altstadt Rhine promenade.

ST. MARIAE HIMMELFAHRT. The church, from 1689, is the largest Baroque church in Cologne. The building concept is a mixture between Romance and Gothic styles with the forms of the Baroque period: the windows reflect a Gothic style and the bell tower a Romance influence. In the interior the sculptures and paintings are particularly worth seeing. WHERE? Marzellenstr. 

ST. SEVERIN. The building lays on an old Roman cementary and is without question the oldest House of God in Cologne. Aspects of the sturcture date back to the 10th century which were later augmented or changed altogether. Internally, the décor is, for the most part, held in good condition. WHERE? Severinskirchplatz near to Severinstrasse and not far from Chlodwigplatz.

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Copyright 2012 - NICE CITY! Cologne

Important sights

Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom) 

Rathaus (town hall)


Altstadt (old city) and the Rhine’s panorama 

The City Towers

The Mikwe